Research Foundations of the Pragmatic/Experiential Method:

Advances in the Science of Intimate Relationships


Carrere, S., Buehlman, K. T., Coan, J. A., Gottman, J. M., Coan, J. A., & Ruckstuhl, L. (2000). Predicting marital stability and divorce in newlywed couples. Journal of Family Psychology, 14 (1), 1–17.


Carrere, S., & Gottman, J. M. (1999). Predicting divorce among newlyweds from the first three minutes of a marital conflict discussion. Family Process, 38 (3), 293–301.


Driver, J. L. & Gottman, J. M. (2004). Daily marital interactions and positive affect during marital conflict among newlywed couples. Family process, 43 (3), 301–314.


Gottman, J. M., (1993). The roles of conflict engagement, escalation or avoidance in marital interaction: A longitudinal view of five types of couples. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 61 (1), 6–15.


Gottman, J. M. (1993). A theory of marital dissolution and stability. Journal of Family Psychology, 7 (1), 57–75. 12.


Gottman, J. M. (1994). What predicts divorce? Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


Gottman, J.M., (1994). Nonlinear differential equation models of marital interaction. In S. Johnson and L. Greenberg (Eds.), The heart of the matter: Perspectives on emotion in marital therapy, 256-293;


Gottman, J. (2011).  The science of trust:  Emotional attunement for couples.  NY: W.W. Norton.


Gottman, J.M., Coan, J., Carrere, S., and Swanson, C., (1998). Predicting Marital Happiness and Stability from Newlywed Interactions, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60(1), 5-22


Gottman, J.M., Katz, L.F., & Hooven, C., (1996). Parental meta-emotion philosophy and the emotional life of families: theoretical models and preliminary data, Journal of Family Psychology, 10 (3), 243-268


Gottman, J. M., & Krokoff, L. J., (1989). The relationship between marital interaction and marital interaction and marital satisfaction: A longitudinal view. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 47–52.


Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (1992). Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: Behavior, physiology and health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 221–233.


Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (1999). How stable is marital interaction over time? Family Process, 38 (2), 159–165. 23.


Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (1999). What predicts change in marital interaction over time? A study of alternative models. Family Process, 38 (2), 143–158.


Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2000). The timing of divorce: Predicting when a couple will divorce over a 14-year period. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 737–745.


Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2000). Dysfunctional marital conflict: Women are being unfairly blamed. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 31 (3/4), 1–17.


Gottman, J., Levenson, R. Gross, J., Fredrickson, B.,  McCoy, K., Rosenthal, R., Ruef, A., & Yoshimoto, D. (2003). Correlates of Gay and Lesbian Couples' Relationship Satisfaction and Relationship Dissolution. Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 45(1), 23-43.


Gottman, J. M., Levenson, R. W., Swanson, C., Swanson, K., Tyson, R., & Yoshimoto, D. (2003). Observing gay, lesbian and heterosexual couples’ relationship: Mathematical modeling of conflict interactions. Journal of Homosexuality, 45 (1), 65–91.


Levenson, R. W., Carstensen, L. L., & Gottman, J. M.(1993). Long-term marriage: Age, gender and satisfaction. Psychology and Aging, 8 (2), 301–313.


Levenson, R.W., Carstensen, L.L. and Gottman, J.M., (1994). Influence of age and gender on affect, physiology and their interrelations: A study of long-term marriages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(1), 56-68


Levenson, R.W., & Gottman, J.M., (1983). Marital interaction: physiological linkage and affective exchange, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 587-597


Levenson, R.W., & Gottman, J.M., (1985). Physiological and affective predictors of change in relationship satisfaction, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 85-94